Stator windings that are in resonance will have high levels of vibration, if not properly damped or braced. Windings in resonance can suffer from early conductor strand fatigue cracking, arcing and failure during operation. Evidence of high vibration can sometimes be seen through visual inspection, with observance of dusting and greasing. There are two primary methods to anticipate and detect end winding resonant vibration — the bump test and on-line monitoring. Both are important and play a key role in identifying stator winding resonance problems, as well as implementing the appropriate solution. This paper will discuss the reasons that stator end winding resonance occurs. The technology, as well as the advantages and limitations of both the bump test and vibration monitoring, will be discussed. Solution approaches to end winding vibration are included, as well as one case history.

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