Water and energy are key commodities utilized in the process industries. In this work, a new systematic design methodology has been developed for the simultaneous management of energy and water systems that also feature optimum regeneration of wastewater. In addition to allowing regeneration of wastewater, issues about heat losses inside unit operations have also been incorporated in the simultaneous management of water and energy. To implement such a design, two new design aspects are introduced; new method for “Non-isothermal Mixing” points identification and new “Separate System” generation. The first aspect involves “non-isothermal mixing”, which enables direct heat recovery between water streams, and therefore allows the reduction of the number of heat transfer units. An NLP model is formulated to identify feasible non-isothermal mixing points in the network regarding minimum operation cost, which satisfy minimum freshwater and utility requirements. The other aspect is the generation of “separate system” in heat exchanger network design. The flexibility of mixing and splitting of water streams allows separate systems to be created as a cost-efficient series of heat exchanger units between freshwater and wastewater streams. The new design aspects have been illustrated with a case study. The results show 60% of total cost saving relevant to the conventional design method.
Simultaneous Energy and Water Minimization: Approach for Systems With Optimum Regeneration of Wastewater
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Karbassian, S, & Panjeshahi, MH. "Simultaneous Energy and Water Minimization: Approach for Systems With Optimum Regeneration of Wastewater." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Power Conference. ASME 2010 Power Conference. Chicago, Illinois, USA. July 13–15, 2010. pp. 539-551. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/POWER2010-27085
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