Electricity generation utilities are increasingly looking for cost-effective solutions to maximise the value of aging steam turbine generator plant assets. To this end, retrofits of steam turbines after many years of operation have been carried out for the purpose of life extension of units, performance improvements, capacity up-rating, availability improvement, and improved environmental compliance. Major steam turbine manufacturers have continued to push forward the development of advanced technologies to satisfy demand from utilities by provided retrofit design that optimise the above criteria. This paper describes the advanced technologies adopted in the recent retrofits, including advanced steam path design and new last stage blades of improved efficiency, improved reliability, and of simplified or no maintenance. Retrofit case-studies of capacity up-rating and life extension are introduced to illustrate how these technologies have been applied and what has been the gain.

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