Single (or mono) suction buckets have been put forward by others as possible offshore wind turbine (OWT) foundations. This paper presents a series of centrifuge model tests conducted in dense sand to investigate their monotonic response for a range of drainage conditions. The results from the centrifuge tests suggest that the mono-bucket rotational response at large rotation in dense sand is dependent on drainage conditions but does not seem to be affected by the contact condition between the bucket invert and the seabed. A final comparison between results from an equivalent set of uplift tests suggests, however, that multi-bucket foundation systems are likely to be more efficient foundation solutions, although suggestions are made which might improve mono-bucket foundation response.

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