Abstract

Over the years, with advancements in the shipping industry, there has been considerable increase in size, numbers and speed of ships. Ports and harbours have to handle these larger ships and increased ship traffic within the limited space especially in matured ports. Due to the above mentioned issues at the ports and harbours, passing ship interactions with a moored ship is eventual. Pressure variations around the passing ship may cause additional forces and moments on the ship moored in the vicinity. Though there is literature from past research available on the subject, only few parameters have been investigated. The passing ship forces on a moored ship has been evaluated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), based on a double-body flow model. Simulations were carried out for three-dimensional, unsteady, inviscid flow using overset meshing technique to facilitate the movement of the vessel. The results obtained from CFD simulations were compared with the existing results obtained by experiments (Remery, 1974) for the validation of the CFD model. Detailed parametric studies were carried out for parameters such as velocity ratio and displacement ratio, spacing ratio, and water depth ratio. Empirical equations for force and moment coefficients are derived based on the present study and recommendations for passing vessel distances from moored vessel has been made in the article.

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