The Iceberg Loads Software (ILS) was developed initially to determine design iceberg loads for the Hebron Gravity Base Structure (GBS). The ILS framework has since been adapted for assessing iceberg loads on other structures such as the West White Rose Platform, subsea protection structures, pipelines laid on the seabed and floating production structures (spars and FPSOs). When the ILS was developed, the available iceberg geometry dataset (collected in the 1980s) was relatively limited, which required certain assumptions (i.e., flat wall interaction) and parametrizations (i.e., length distribution, length/draft/mass relationships, eccentricity, etc.) in the formulation of the interaction model. Renewed iceberg profile collection began in 2012, with ongoing improvements in the data collection methodology such that, of the 200 iceberg profiles collected from 2012 onwards, 134 were collected in 2019. The profile data were collected using LiDAR for the iceberg sail and multibeam sonar for the keel. The ILS has been updated using the recent three dimensional (3D) profiles, and a comparison of original versus updated iceberg load distributions for a generic structure show a decrease in loads. Updated ILS loads are compared with another iceberg load analysis tool that directly incorporates iceberg profile data rather than relying on some of the assumptions and parametrizations used in the original ILS formulation. This comparison shows some differences, particularly for extreme loads, which are the subject of on-going investigation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.