Abstract

There is increasing interest in numerical wave simulations as a tool to design offshore structures, especially for the prediction of stochastic nonlinear wave loads like those related to air-gap and wave impact. Though the simulations cannot replace all experiments, they are now competitive on some topics such as the computations of wind and current coefficients. To proceed further it is necessary to improve the procedure to account for another complex environmental factor, wave motion.

This paper addresses an industrial collaboration to develop modeling practices and qualification criteria of CFD-based numerical wave tank for offshore applications. As a part of the effort to develop reliable numerical wave modeling practices in the framework of the “Reproducible Offshore CFD JIP”, qualification criteria are formulated for the wave solutions generated from either potential-flow based codes in Part 1 of this work. Part 2 presents first a set of solutions for forcing the qualified waves obtained with the potential codes in the CFD domain. Those solutions follow a set of coupling protocols previously proposed in the JIP framework.

Two potential codes and two CFD solvers are combined, so that four possible methods of generating waves and modalities are described. Two different potential models are considered, one using the higher order spectral method for numerical wave tank (HOS-NWT), and another using the finite-element method in the horizontal direction and a modal expansion after a sigma transform in the vertical direction (solver is called TPNWT). Both are equipped with a breaking model to generate extreme sea states. The two CFD solvers tested are Simcenter STAR-CCM+ and OpenFOAM. Simulation setups are proposed for both software.

Simulation results from eight academic or industrial partners are presented for two sets of 2D test cases in deep water, one with regular waves and one with irregular waves, both with one very steep condition (ratio of wave height over wavelength of 10% for regular waves and 1000 year return period for Gulf of Mexico for irregular waves).

The irregular waves are simulated for 10 sets of 3 hours to apply a stochastic approach to verify the quality of the waves generated in the numerical domain. Attention is given to the wave spectrum and the ensemble probability of the crest distribution, both obtained from the wave elevation at the center of the domain.

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