Construction in the extreme cold regions becomes one of the important businesses in the world. Geophysical surveys, which are effective in providing consecutive ground information, have been widely applied to the civil engineering and environmental sectors. The permafrost area covers about 14 percent of the world’s land area and the global construction market for such area is rapidly expanding. Where developed countries have already recognized the need for research of the coldest places and therefore have invested heavily in technology development, the non-arctic countries are still developing and related research has rarely been performed. The purpose of this study is to design the GIS (Geophysics Information System) platform for a construction environment with a 2,000 km-class pipeline (overland) operated under the permafrost temperature conditions (−40°C∼+20°C). The GIS platform when subjected to geotechnical engineering provides an understanding of the frozen ground and information about the geo-environment of the extreme cold regions. This paper shows the characteristics and procedures of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for developing Arctic resources, and reviews how to construct a system for the systematic management of the necessary information to consider building the GIS platform. In addition, this study introduces the GIS algorithm to build the route for the pipeline path, and factors which should be considered first are safety, environment, economic feasibility and technical feasibility.

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