The kinematics under spilling and plunging breakers are investigated using both experimental and numerical methods. In a modular laboratory flume, the breakers were generated using dispersive focusing, and the kinematics underneath them were measured utilizing the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique. Using the state-of-art high-speed video cameras and lasers, the kinematics were measured at a high sampling rate without needing phase-locked averaging. Afterwards, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations were carried out for comparison purposes. These simulations were run in single-phase using a finite-volume based Navier-Stokes solver with a piecewise-linear interface reconstruction scheme. The spilling and plunging breakers from the measurements were reconstructed in the computational domain using an iterative scheme. As a result a good match with the measured waves was obtained in the simulations. Results indicate that even though measured kinematics are somewhat higher than the simulated ones especially in the spilling and overturning regions, the CFD simulations can accurately capture the relevant details of the flow and produce reasonably accurate kinematics in comparison with the PIV results.

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