This paper describes the motion characteristics and cargo handling efficiency of the Large-Scale Floating Coal Transshipment Station (LFTS). Indonesia is the main country supplying coal in the Asia-Pacific region, it is important to ensure stable coal supply to Japan. Because the topography of the seabed near East Kalimantan Island, Indonesia’s main coal production area, is shallow, it is difficult for bulk carriers to reach the coast. And then, Large-scale Floating Transposition Station for Loading Coal (hereafter LFTS) was proposed, which will be used as a transposition station between small coal barge coming down the river and bulk carriers stay offshore. By installing LFTS, improvement of coal transport efficiency is expected.
As a previous study, the motion characteristics of LFTS using a catenary chain in its mooring system were grasped. However, LFTS can carry up to 500,000 tons of coal, and the draft of LFTS tends to change greatly depending on the coal loading conditions. Besides, the tidal difference in the sea area where the LFTS is installed is about 2 m, and the mounting position of the mooring system on the LFTS side moves up and down by about 10 m at maximum due to changes in the draft and tidal differences. For this reason, when the mounting position of the mooring system is in the lowest state, the mooring line is loosened and the horizontal force is reduced, and it is considered that sufficient restraining force is not exhibited. And, when the mounting position of the mooring system becomes high, the mooring line tension increases and the mooring line may break in some cases.
Therefore, in this study, an attempt was made to use an elastic mooring line as a mooring system for LFTS. An elastic mooring line is a mooring line that incorporates a highly stretchable material between mooring lines that connect anchors and floating body. Even if the mooring line attached to the LFTS moves up and down, an appropriate tension always acts on the elastic mooring line, and it can be expected to suppress the oscillation of the floating body and prevent the mooring line from breaking due to excessive tension. However, elastic mooring lines are mainly used for mooring small structures such as piers and aquaculture facilities, but there are no examples where these mooring lines have been applied to structures over 500m like LFTS. Therefore, elastic mooring lines are adopted for the mooring system of LFTS, systematically calculated according to various setting conditions of elastic mooring lines, and it is grasped whether elastic mooring lines can be applied to LFTS, and the motion characteristics of LFTS moored by elastic mooring lines was also grasped.