Abstract

Surface ocean waves are one of the potential processes that influence on the Arctic sea-ice extent. A better understanding of the generation, propagation, and attenuation of ocean waves under the sea ice is necessary to discuss the future Arctic climate change. We deployed two drifting wave buoys in the marginal ice zone in the western Arctic. Since the surface wave observation in the marginal ice zone is rare, the obtained data are useful for validation of the numerical modeling of the surface waves under the sea ice. The first buoy was deployed in the pancake-ice covered area and the second one in the open ocean. The distance between the two buoys at the deployment was about 40km, and the second buoy was deployed approximately 5 hours after the first deployment. The comparison of the wave bulk statistic measured by the two buoys shows the wave transformation under the sea ice. In general, the significant wave height decreases, and the mean wave periods increase by the presence of the sea ice.

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