Indonesia is a main country supplying coal in the Asia-Pacific region, it is important to ensure a stable coal supply to Japan. Because the topography of the seabed near East Kalimantan Island, Indonesia’s main coal production area, is shallow, it is difficult for bulk carriers to reach the coast. Therefore, Large-Scale Floating Coal Transshipment Station (LFTS) was proposed, which will be used as a relay base between coal-barging barges from land and bulk carriers offshore. Installing an LFTS offshore from East Kalimantan is expected to improve coal transport productivity. LFTS can store coal equivalent to five times the capacity of one bulk carrier (total 500,000T), and can accommodate 2 bulk carriers at the same time during offloading. The scale of LFTS is 590m × 160m. The LFTS has a flat spread and the elastic behavior becomes the dominant Structure. The upper part of the LFTS is different rigidity partly because the partition wall to be loaded by dividing the coal into each quality is provided. Loaded coal not only changes the draft of the LFTS but also greatly deforms the LFTS and is expected to cause local stress concentration on the structural members. Therefore, this paper investigates wave response characteristics and stress characteristics with the coal loading of the LFTS, and then evaluation of structural strength by limit state design method.
In this study, linear potential theory and the finite element method (FEM) were used to analyze the static hydroelastic motion under various coal loading condition and wave response of LFTS. And, to grasp the local stress concentration occurring inside the LFTS by using the response results, a detailed model modeling a complicated internal structure was prepared. Zooming analysis which is a method of giving the deformation result by the whole model of LFTS as forced displacement to the local detailed model was carried out. As a result, depending on the coal loading condition and wave conditions, it became clear that LFTS will be in a tough situation.