Abstract

Industries rely mostly on off-shore resources to fulfill the increase in demand for oil and gas. In general, for oil extraction and various other refinery processes, fixed or floating structures are being utilized. Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) system is one of the floating systems which have advantage of storing the crude oil and, if required, it can be easily moved to other places. Also, in deep Ocean where sub-sea pipeline infrastructures are often not possible and so the FPSOs give alternate option of storing and processing the crude oil. Being moored-systems, FPSOs are very flexible structures having high surge natural period and hence they may undergo larger surge displacement. Excessive displacement may cause damage for the riser system also it may affect the workability under extreme sea condition. Therefore, there is a need for investigating the issues of safety, efficiency and response control of FPSO systems under different sea-state conditions. Ocean wave loads on FPSO causes dynamic interaction between FPSO vessel and liquid in the oil storage containers. The liquid motion in containers disturbs the dynamics of the vessel significantly. Hence, it is essential to study the surge response control of FPSO in detail.

An easy way to control the response is to use the existing cargo containers of FPSO as passive damping devices. If the natural frequency of liquid oscillation is tuned to the natural frequency of FPSO, these cargo tanks can act as Multiple Tuned Liquid Dampers (MTLDs). In case of simple linear model, Tuned liquid damper (TLD) can be idealized as a Single Degree of Freedom (SDOF) system, namely Tuned Mass Damper (TMD). The present study attempts to model a TLD using three different TMD systems to account the effects of shallow water sloshing.

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