The NVA mild steel is a commonly used material in shipbuilding, which possesses good ductility character. However, the description of ductile fracture process for NVA steel in numerical simulation is still a challenging task. A new method to predict the critical void volume fraction fc of Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model is introduced in this paper.
GTN-model is one of the well-known micromechanical models for ductile fracture. The traditional plasticity theory assumes that the plastic volume is incompressible and that the yield of the material is independent of the hydrostatic stress, whereas the yield surface of the GTN-model takes the effect of the macroscopic hydrostatic stress into account. The yield surface is reduced with the increase of the void volume fraction, which can reflect the deterioration characteristics of the material with development of damage during the deformation process. Therefore, GTN-model is a promising mathematical model for describing the ductile fracture process of the ship structures during accidental scenarios of collision and grounding.
The traditional way to determine fc of GTN-model is using the inverse method directly, which has a high degree of uncertainty. A new method based on Hill, and Bressan & Williams’s assumptions proposed in this paper solve this problem effectively. Besides, the combined of Voce and Swift constitutive model is used to describe the mechanical property of the NVA material.
Furthermore, numerical simulations were also conducted with code LS_DYNA by developing the user-defined subroutine. It is found that the model can predict the structural damage quite accurately, which proves its feasibility of being applied in the research of structural responses in ship collision and grounding accidents.