In recent years, wave energy converters (WECs) have received considerable attention as an efficient way to harvest alternative energy sources. Within this class of systems, point-absorbers are popular and have become one of the most widely used renewable energy harvest designs all over the world, at least in the preliminary R&D stage, with many relevant research works having been published as well. However, unlike the single buoy and PTO systems which already have a comprehensive research basis, the connection cable has received little attention. The traditional taut cable analysis approach, initiated from the needs of the oil&gas industry, has been applied for WEC investigations. However, this approach utilizes an essential assumption that the oscillating term (PTO force) is much smaller than the static term of the cable force (pre-tension) and could be neglected, which may not be proper for WEC applications. In this work, a conventional frequency domain model is utilized to test and verify the validity of the previously mentioned assumption by presenting the ratio between two force terms. Then the ratio could be applied in combination with sea state contours to reveal the critical state of the cable. Then, a fully nonlinear time domain method of a numerical solution of the point-absorber wave energy converter is presented. According to the critical states obtained from the frequency domain analysis, an improved model of a slack cable is proposed. Its influence on the energy extraction performance is investigated using the open source code — WEC-Sim. This work provides insight into simulating a proper model of the cable and how the design of the cable influences the WEC performance.

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