It is well known among the researchers involved in the field of turbines for Oscillating Water Column systems (OWC) that the main problem for Wells turbines is the stall, which appears when the main flow incidence angle exceeds certain value and leads to a sharp drop in the efficiency. It also causes problems during the starting, driving the turbine to not reach the designing rotation speed.
Delaying the stall apparition is the key to improve the performance of the Wells turbine. is necessary to delay the flow separation at the trailing edge because it is the reason which leads to the sharp efficiency drop at the stall point.
One of the solutions proposed by researchers in this field is using a variable blade profile instead of the traditional ones, built using constant chord and profile from hub to tip. This work tries to dig deeper in this line by analysing a blade with variable chord and shape among the blade span.
The work has been developed numerically by using commercial software ANSYS FLUENT®. A CFD code was created in order to obtain the performance curve of the turbine proposed to be compared with those assumed as reference, which were taken from the bibliography and also used to validate the numerical model.
The results have shown that an improvement has been achieved. It confirms that using a variable blade profile is a suitable solution to delay the stall apparition.