This present study indicates experimental investigation about the impact of CO2 flooding on oil recovery and rock’s properties alteration in carbonate reservoir under the miscible condition. In order to compare the effect to initial pore characteristic, two type of carbonate rock was used; an Edward white represents homogeneous mainly consisted micropore, whereas an Indiana limestone represented heterogeneous mainly consisted macropore in this study. Under the miscible condition (9.65 MPa and 40°C), five pore volume of CO2 were injected into oil-wet carbonate rock, which was fully saturated with oil and connate water. After CO2 flooding, several analyses for each sample conducted to investigate oil recovery and rock properties change in porosity, permeability, and pore structure by chemical and physical reaction between CO2, water, and carbonate mineral before and after CO2 flooding by using core analysis, MICP, SEM, ICP, and X-ray CT techniques. From the results of oil recovery, it was more effective and larger in Edward white than in Indiana limestone. Because homogeneous characteristic with a large ratio of low permeable micropore in Edward white contributed to occur long reaction time between oil and CO2 for enough miscibility as well as to displace stably oil by CO2. Conversely, heterogeneous pore structure mainly consisted of high permeable conduit (macropore) in Indiana limestone has brought ineffective and low oil production. From the analysis of rock’s properties alteration, we found that, for the homogeneous sample, dissolution dominantly changed pore structure and became better flow path by improving permeability and reducing tortuosity. While plugging by precipitation of mineral particles was not critically affected rock’ properties, despite the sample mainly consisted small pores. In the case of the heterogeneous sample, both dissolution and precipitation critically affected change of rock’s properties and pore structure. In particular, superior precipitation in complex pore network seriously damaged flow path and change of rock’s properties. The largest porosity change markedly appeared in inlet section because of exposing rock surface from fresh CO2 during a long time. In conclusion, it shows that CO2 miscible flooding in carbonate reservoirs significantly affected to alteration of rock’s properties such as porosity, permeability, tortuosity, and pore connectivity, in particular in heterogeneous system compared with in homogeneous system. These experimental results can be useful to characterize carbonate rock as well as to study rock properties alteration on CO2 EOR and CCS processes.
- Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
Comparison of Oil Recovery and Carbonate Rock’s Properties Alterations by CO2 Miscible Flooding
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Han, J, Seo, Y, Kim, J, Han, S, & Lee, Y. "Comparison of Oil Recovery and Carbonate Rock’s Properties Alterations by CO2 Miscible Flooding." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8: Polar and Arctic Sciences and Technology; Petroleum Technology. Madrid, Spain. June 17–22, 2018. V008T11A020. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-78723
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