The large-scale tsunami generated by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 caused a great deal of damage. In addition to tsunami hydrodynamic forces, loads generated by drifting objects such as ships and cars can cause destruction in coastal areas. As such, impact forces due to collisions of drifting objects are an important consideration in the design and planning of structures in coastal areas.
Depending on the size of the drifting object, it is difficult to evaluate the effect of the impact force at the time of collision through tank experiments. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a numerical simulation method that can reasonably evaluate such effects. Such a method must consider the nonlinear interactions among drifting objects, a fluid, and fixed structures.
In the present study, we used the moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) and finite element methods to calculate the effect of collisions between drifting objects and structures, and then verified the results experimentally. The MPS method was applied to calculate the loads and pressures due to the collisions. These results were then used to simulate the deformation of the structure using the finite element method. A tank experiment was then conducted in order to confirm the accuracy of the numerical calculations. The deformation of a rod-shaped steel structure was measured following collision with a floating acrylic plate. The experimental results confirmed the accuracy of the numerical calculations.