The Great East Japan Earthquake in Japan paralyzed functions of Japanese ports operated by the local governments in 2011. If an anticipated Nankai Trough Earthquake occurs, port functions may be paralyzed just as in 2011 under the current port operation system conducted by the local governments. Today, horizontal/vertical division of work has been expanded in the global economy, and thus, paralysis of Japanese port functions may result in severe damage on the global economy. Using the sacrifice model, the variation in container logistics caused by earthquakes was analyzed for the Nankai Trough Earthquake.

Through the case of Japan, it was demonstrated that the powerful leadership of the national government could establish port operations resistant to large-scale natural disasters.

This paper has developed the author’s research [1]–[13].

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