In recent years, the social demands for the introduction of renewable energy are increasing, demonstration projects of floating offshore wind power generation are being implemented and planned around the world. In Japan, a demonstration project named Fukushima FORWARD (Fukushima Floating Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project) has been conducted since 2011. Fukushima FORWARD is carried out by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The project is the world’s first floating offshore windfarm with a total capacity of 14 MW, including three floating offshore wind facilities and one floating offshore substation. In Fukushima FORWARD, Japan Marine United Corporation is in charge of floater part EPCI (Engineering, Procurement, Construction and Installation) of one floating offshore wind facility and one floating offshore substation.
This floating offshore substation is installed in order to observe meteorological and oceanographic data and motion data as well as boosting the generated electric power. Since the installation in 2013 it continues to record various kinds of continuous data. The substation is an advanced spar type floater moored by four spread catenary mooring lines.
In the design of the mooring system for offshore structure, the motion of the structure under environmental external force is very important. The motion of the moored floating structure is divided into wave frequency motion, which is a motion of a relatively short period, and low frequency motion caused by mooring restoring force and variable external force, both of which are important elements in the design. Among them, wave frequency motion is known to be accurately estimated by potential theory as a result of research on various types of structures. On the other hand, in addition to the existence of various calculation methods including time domain analysis, its statistical characteristic and applicability are entirely depending on the target structure. Also, observation data of low frequency motion have been very few.
In this paper, long-term data observed at the floating offshore substation in Fukushima FORWARD was analyzed with focusing on low frequency motion and its statistical properties were clarified. Furthermore, we analyzed the low frequency wave force spectrum and motion by conventional low frequency motion theory using the wave drifting force calculated by the potential theory. And, we compared the calculated value with the analysis result of the observation data and validated the applicability of the simplified low frequency motion theory.