It is critical to incorporate an appropriate constitutive model into a finite element analysis model to evaluate the nonlinear and dynamic effects on offshore structures subjected to dropped object impact loads. This paper demonstrates the high sensitivity of a dynamic constitutive model to mechanical properties of a specific offshore structural steel and its effect on nonlinear transient finite element analysis results for a steel plate system subjected to dropped object impact loads. Available stress-strain data obtained from dynamic tensile tests are used to validate the numerical results. The dynamic constitutive model recommended by Det Norske Veritas (DNV) was examined at both constitutive level and structural level. This paper proposes constitutive model parameters to improve the DNV’s recommendation.

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