This paper investigates the effect of installation on collapse performance of flexible pipes.
In the design of flexible pipelines for offshore field developments, one of the critical failure modes being associated with external pressure and bending loadings is the hydrostatic collapse. In accordance with standards, Technip methodology for flexible pipe collapse resistance determination ensures a robust and competitive design. The model has an analytical basis, leading to a fast and straightforward use. It has been validated with more than 200 tests performed on all possible pipe constructions on straight and curved configurations.
As the industry is moving to deeper and deeper water, there is a greater need to understand all factors which could affect collapse. This includes residual effects due to the high installation loads from the laying system. As a consequence, Technip has performed several collapse tests on samples previously submitted to a loading representative of installation conditions (tension and crushing). Moreover, Technip and IFP Energies Nouvelles have developed and improved over the past few years a Finite Elements model dedicated to collapse prediction. The model accounts for the detailed geometry of the wires (carcass, pressure vault, spiral), ovalization, cyclic plasticity, contacts and residual stresses due to manufacturing. It allows to evaluate the effect of installation on the ovalization and plasticity of each layer and the collapse performance of the flexible pipe.
The purpose of this paper is to present the collapse tests results and the corresponding calculations performed with the Finite Elements Model on several cases representative of Technip flexible pipes portfolio.