In this paper, welding induced deformation and residual stress of a multiply-stiffened plate is studied by means of sequentially coupled thermal elasto-plastic finite element method. For the purpose of enhancing calculation efficiency, the FE model combining shell and solid elements is employed in the analysis. A transient moving heat source is used in the numerical analysis to consider important welding parameters such as heat input, welding speed and welding sequences. The welding processes of three stiffeners being attached to a base plate by single-side welds are simulated according to assembly configurations. The influence of three welding sequences and the position of weld foot on distortions and residual stress are discussed. The results demonstrate the different characteristics of residual distortion and stress in the multiply-stiffened plate by different welding sequences. The position of weld foot affects the local distortion of panel between two adjacent stiffeners.

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