Sandwich cellular structure, associated with more excellent mechanical properties and physical characteristic, such as, panel ductility and high core compressibility, is widely used in aerospace, transportation, military equipment and civil infrastructure. Due to the special compression properties of functional graded cores, the graded sandwich structure presented more excellent impact resistance than the ungraded sandwich.

This article presents the results of experimental, numerical investigation into the failure mode and dynamic plastic response of layered graded sandwich plate with layered honeycomb cores to air blast loading. The core arrangements (different core density) effects on the structure’s deformation behavior, energy absorption and impact resistance were mainly discussed. Three typical failure modes can be observed, that was, local deformation, global bending and penetration failure. Under specific loading conditions, the graded sandwich had more excellent impact resistant and energy absorption ratio, especially for the density-decreased core arrangement sandwich.

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