When a marine propeller with the wing shape rotates at high speed underwater, local pressure on the blade decreases and various types of cavitation inevitably occur in where the local pressure falls below the vapor pressure. Cavity reduces the efficiency, erodes the propeller surface, and generate vibration and serious noise. Especially, underwater noise caused by cavitation is directly connected to the comfort of commercial ships and also the survivability of naval vessels. In order to reduce the occurrence of the cavitation and to design low noise propeller, it is demanded to figure out the correlation of noise characteristics with growth patterns of the cavity. In this paper, we observed global behavior of partial cavities generated on two-dimensional hydrofoils and made a map of cavity patterns. We also measured pressure fluctuations and investigated noise characteristics directly connected with the process of occurrence of the cavity.

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