While a type of marine turbine for tidal current generation can be chosen from several types, a vertical axis marine turbine (VAMT) should be better in Japan because sea areas around Japanese islands where current velocity is sufficient are limited. This study conducted a sea test of a VAMT of a floating type installed with six straight pitch-controllable blades. The cycloidal mechanism was adapted for the pitch control. The purpose of the study is to understand effects of ocean waves and motion of a floating body on turbine performance and behaviours of the VAMT in unideal current conditions. Besides, the data taken should be effective to consider that effects in order to design VAMTs. The setup with the setting angle of −30 degrees suggested highest performance from the sea tests, then 15% in maximum turbine power and maximum output was 40W. Ocean waves strongly affected on the turbine performance because fluid velocity changes due to ocean waves and it was unable to neglect the variation of the velocity in spite of small. The characteristics of the turbine sensitively varied because of ocean waves. The results suggested that during accelerating and decelerating incoming fluid speed, characteristics of the turbine were different in each case.

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