Greenhouse gas shall be reduced from shipping sector. For that purpose the regulation of EEDI (energy efficiency design index for new ships) and SEEMP (ship energy efficiency management plan) were entry into force from 2013. In order to improve energy efficiency of ships in service it is necessary to predict the fuel consumption in actual seas.
In order to reduce GHG emission from ships, a Vessel Performance Simulator in Actual Seas has been developed. It simulates ship speed and fuel consumption at steady condition by using weather data and designated engine revolution. Physical models for hull, propeller, rudder and engine are used in the simulator. Especially steady wave forces, wind forces, drift forces, steering forces and engine/governor model are important factor for the estimation.
The fuel consumption should be evaluated combined the ship hydrodynamic performance with the engine/governor characteristics. Considering the external forces by winds and waves, the operation point of the main engine is important for the estimation, since the torque limit and the other limit of the engine/governor are affected to the ship hydrodynamic performance. To prevent the increase of fuel consumption in service, the engine control system by the Fuel Index has been applied to present ships. In rough weather condition the revolution of the main engine is reduced to lower revolution by the Fuel Index limit. It causes the large decrease of ship speed but reduces the fuel consumption due to reduction of engine revolution.
Using the simulator the navigation performance of a container ship, a RoRo vehicle carrier and a bulk carrier is simulated along the route.
In this paper following contents are discussed; 1) evaluation of the physical model; steady wave forces, wind forces, drift forces, steering forces and engine/governor model, 2) simulation and validation of the physical model by tank tests and on-board measurements and 3) effectiveness of the ship performance simulator for GHG reduction.