This paper presents the analysis of a hysteresis interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor drive for electric submersible pumps. A hysteresis IPM motor is a self-starting solid rotor hybrid synchronous motor. Its rotor has a cylindrical ring made of composite materials with high degree of hysteresis energy. The rare earth permanent magnets are buried inside the hysteresis ring. A hysteresis IPM motor can self-start without the need of additional position sensors and complex control techniques. It does not have any slip power losses in the rotor at steady state which results in less heat dissipation and low electrical losses. When used in an electric submersible pump (ESP) for oil production, it has the ability to automatically adapt itself to the changes in well conditions. In this paper, a bond graph model of a hysteresis IPM motor ESP drive is used to predict the effect of pump shaft geometry on transient behaviour of the drive during start-up. Simulation results show that the hysteresis IPM motor drive has high efficiency, and is better able to maintain its speed during changes in load. Due to increased efficiency and simplified controller requirements, the hysteresis IPM motor is proposed as a replacement for the standard induction motor currently used for downhole ESPs. This is expected to improve ESP performance and reliability which are critical requirements for use in harsh offshore environments such as Atlantic Canada.

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