The analysis of a FWT is a complex problem, which requires advanced tools. Several numerical solutions have been used to couple hydrodynamics and aerodynamics and some of the available numerical tools have been compared in code-to-code comparisons. However the code validation for analysis of FWTs is limited by the number of available experimental data.
In the present article, DNV GL and Glosten present a code comparison of four numerical tools against model test results. The design used for the analysis is the Pelastar Tension Leg Platform (TLP) by Glosten. A 1/50 downscaled model of the platform and NREL-5 MW wind turbine was tested in MARIN ocean basin. The results from the model tests are used to verify the results from the numerical codes. The FWT is modelled using four different codes: HAWC2 (by DTU and used by DNV GL), BLADED (by DNV GL and used by DNV GL), SIMA (by Marintek and used by DNV GL) and ORCAFLEX (by Orcina and used by Glosten). Although differences exist among these codes, comparable approaches have been used.
Results from the numerical codes are compared against the experimental data, in terms of:
- Natural periods
- Response in regular waves
- Response in irregular waves
- Response in irregular waves with aerodynamic loads.
In general, the results show a good agreement between the different numerical models and all the codes are capable to reproduce the main dynamics of the system. Some deviations were found and should be solved, in order to use these models for a detailed analysis. However these differences do not seem to be due to limitations of the codes and they might be solvable with a more accurate model of the system.