Communication via satellite is the only method for communicating between the ocean and land. However, present commercial satellites cannot provide sufficient bandwidth to transmit the requisite volume of data. The National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) conducted broadband satellite communication experiments with the Wideband Inter-Networking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS). Using WINDS, the tele-operation of a hybrid remotely operated vehicle (HROV), Otohime, was also carried out successfully.

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