A new type of floater for floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) was proposed. The floater, named an “underwater platform”, aims at high economic efficiency of energy generation of floating wind farm. The underwater platform is a large scale submerged structure which has small water plane area and can support several wind turbines. It is expected that the platform has small motion characteristics in waves because of its small water plane area, and it contributes for FOWT to generate energy safety.
In this study, the feasibility and usefulness study about the platform was carried out through experiments and numerical simulations. The first experiment was conducted with partial rigid model of the platform to verify the feasibility. From the experiment, it was confirmed that the model has small motion characteristics in waves. The experimental results were compared with numerical simulations of potential theory and they were well matched. Besides, the coupling analysis with aero-hydro dynamics was also carried out and it was confirmed that the stability of the platform was enough in steady wind condition.
The second experiment was conducted with elastic body model to study the elastic deformation of the platform in waves. From the experiment, it was confirmed that the deformation is small when the draft was 250mm (50m in the actual model).