The objective of this study was to clarify the theoretical basis of sloshing loads and required plate thickness formulations in the harmonized common structural rules. This study used computational fluid dynamic (CFD) to calculate sloshing loads and used finite element analyses (FEA) to evaluate structural response. The sensitivity of the CFD predictions to the time step and grid size was also investigated. Cargo oil tanks were then selected in a handy size oil tanker and a very large crude carrier to evaluate the longitudinal and transverse sloshing loads on the tank boundaries. The results showed that the sloshing pressures computed at four filling levels were mostly consistent with CSR-H. Afterward, the sloshing pressure produced by CFD was applied to the finite element model by using a fluid-structure interaction technique to obtain the dynamic response of the structure. The dynamic responses were investigated to validate the quasistatic approach for sloshing assessment.

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