To facilitate commercially relevant numerical design optimization in wave energy conversion accurate and validated simulations of wave body interactions are necessary. Wave energy, more so than almost any other industry, can benefit from such numerical optimization because of the high cost and long period of design iteration in experimental and field testing. For the foreseeable future wave energy device design and optimization will continue to rely heavily on potential flow solvers. Two important prerequisites to successfully using simulations based on these codes are firstly a need to validate the simulation implementation by comparison with experiment and secondly a need to supplement the potential flow solution with experimentally (or CFD) derived coefficients for the forces that are neglected by the potential flow solver. This paper attempts to address both of these prerequisites. A comparison of numerical simulations and physical wave tank experiments on a submerged horizontal cylinder moored in waves is presented. Good agreement between numerical model and experiment is achieved. At operating points where the body response is linear a numerical model based purely on potential flow and linear mooring stiffness achieves excellent results and at operating points where the body response is non-linear a time domain model with frequency independent quadratic damping is shown to give good agreement for a wide range of wave periods and amplitudes.

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