As part of the deployment of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) in deep sea, robust coupled dynamic design codes based on engineering models are being developed to investigate the behaviour of FOWTs in the offshore environment. The recent re-emerging interest in vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) for floating foundation applications has resulted in a number of design codes being developed concurrently by different researchers. In this study, two such design codes for floating VAWTs developed at Cranfield University and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology are compared through a series of increasingly complex simulation load cases.
A floating VAWT design was specified to be used in this study. The rotor is based on the Darrieus Troposkein shape and is the same used within the DeepWind VAWT spar concept, with a 5MW rated capacity. The floating support structure is a semi-submersible that is being used in the Offshore Code Collaboration Continuation (OC4) Phase II project for floating horizontal axis wind turbines.
A series of load cases were set out to assess and compare the two different design codes. A comparison of the performance of the two design tools is presented, illustrating their level of maturity and areas of improvement.