Large diameter UOE pipes are being increasingly used for the construction of offshore pipelines and in the last few year, since oil discoveries are moving towards ultra-deepwater areas, such as Pre-Salt in Brazil, collapse resistance is a key factor in the design of the pipelines the demand for pipes with high thickness near the limits for fabrication and installation capacity. It is known that the cold forming, and the final expansion in the UOE line pipe manufacturing process, reduces the elastic limit of the steel in subsequent compression. Due to this, the DNV collapse formula includes a fabrication factor that de-rates by a 15% the yield strength of UOE Pipes. However, DNV also recognizes the effect of thermal treatments and the code allows for improvement of the fabrication factor when heat treatment or external cold sizing (compression) is applied, if documented. In previous work  it was presented the qualification of UOE pipes with enhanced collapse capacity focusing the use of a fabrication factor (alpha-fab) equal to 1. A technology qualification process according to international standard has been performed. The main aspects of the qualification process were presented and included significant material, full scale testing and final analysis. In this paper, we compare those results with the ones of the new qualification tests analyzing the more important variables affecting the collapse resistance such as ovality, compressive material strength, thermal treatment control, etc. This new qualification obtained even better results than the previous one, which will allow the use of a fabrication factor equal to 1 directly in deepwater and ultra-deepwater offshore pipeline projects with a possible reduction in material and offshore installation costs and also potentially enhancing the feasibility of many challenging offshore projects.
Collapse Resistance Enhancement in UOE SAWL Line Pipes During Coating Heat Treatment for Ultra Deepwater Applications
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Arroyo, F, León, HR, Silva, R, Mantovano, L, Solano, RF, & Azevedo, FB. "Collapse Resistance Enhancement in UOE SAWL Line Pipes During Coating Heat Treatment for Ultra Deepwater Applications." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 6B: Pipeline and Riser Technology. San Francisco, California, USA. June 8–13, 2014. V06BT04A013. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2014-24134
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