Passive turbulence control (PTC) in the form of two straight roughness strips with variable width, and thickness about equal to the boundary layer thickness, is used to modify the flow-induced motions (FIM) of a rigid circular cylinder. The cylinder is supported by two end-springs and the flow is in the TrSL3, high-lift, regime. The PTC-to-FIM Map, developed in previous work, revealed zones of weak suppression, strong suppression, hard galloping, and soft galloping. In this paper the sensitivity of the PTC-to-FIM Map to: (a) the width of PTC covering, (b) PTC covering a single or multiple zones, (c) PTC being straight or staggered is studied experimentally. Experiments are conducted in the Low Turbulence Free Surface Water Channel of the University of Michigan. Fixed parameters are: cylinder diameter D = 8.89cm, m* = 1.725, spring stiffness K = 763N/m, aspect ratio l/D = 10.29, and damping ratio ζ = 0.019. Variable parameters are: circumferential PTC location αPTC ∈ [0°−180°], Reynolds number Re ∈ [30,000–120,000], flow velocity U ∈ [0.36m/s–1.45m/s]. Measured quantities are: amplitude ratio A/D, frequency ratio fosc/fn,w, and synchronization range. As long as the roughness distribution is limited to remain within a zone, the width of the strips does not affect the FIM response. When multiple zones are covered, the strong suppression zone dominates the FIM.
Map of Passive Turbulence Control to Flow-Induced Motions for a Circular Cylinder at 30,000<Re<120,000: Sensitivity to Zone Covering
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Park, H, Bernitsas, MM, & Chang, C. "Map of Passive Turbulence Control to Flow-Induced Motions for a Circular Cylinder at 30,000<Re<120,000: Sensitivity to Zone Covering." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 7: CFD and VIV. Nantes, France. June 9–14, 2013. V007T08A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2013-10123
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