Numerical forecasts of weather and oceanography are increasingly common in the field of ship operations due to advances in computer science. However, in some situations, the accuracy of forecasts is too unreliable to ensure safe operations. In the current study, a nationwide questionnaire is used to determine the effectiveness of wave forecasts in enhancing navigation safety. Data analysis is also shown for two cases of failed forecasts in low-pressure weather systems near Japan in the winter. Finally, recommendations are made for improving wave forecasts from the viewpoint of ship operations.

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