This paper presents a numerical 3D finite element model to simulate a flexible pipe under crushing-traction condition, which is a typical situation found during its laying operation. This model considers the geometry of some layers from the flexible pipe, responsible of providing the most contribution to its radial strength (e.g., interlocked carcass, internal polymeric layer, pressure armor, and external polymeric layer) and geometry of laying system shoes. It also considers the flexible pipe initial ovalization and the squeezing effect due to the tensile armor layers under traction. A numerical-experimental comparison is presented, in order to show the model validity.

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