Depleting oil reserves in shallow waters, off-shore oil fields are opening the avenues of new ventures in deep sea conditions. A marine riser is a major component of an offshore drilling and production system that are either fixed or floating in nature. Deepwater risers are quite long and significant currents usually excite natural bending mode that is much higher than the fundamental bending mode. In ultra deep environment currents usually change in magnitude and direction with depth, thereby inducing possibility of exciting multiple modes of the riser vibration due to VIV. Vortex induced vibration analysis has been carried out of a long marine riser in a probable deep sea location. To improve the understanding under deepwater harsh environments, the behavior of the riser under these forces is thoroughly investigated. 3D Nonlinear dynamic analysis of riser is obtained in the time domain using finite element software package ABAQUS/Aqua. The response histories so obtained are employed for the study of fatigue reliability analyses of riser. Uncertainty modeling, especially of fatigue crack growth parameters, is undertaken using bi-linear crack growth relationship. Results pertaining to fatigue reliability and fatigue crack size evolution are presented using Monte Carlo Simulation. The bi-linear crack growth models are found to lead to higher fatigue life estimation. Sensitivity behavior pertinent to limit state adopted has been thoroughly investigated. These findings implicate inspection schemes for components of the marine structures to ensure minimization of the surprises due to wide scatter of the fatigue phenomenon in marine environment.
Fatigue Reliability Evaluation of Marine Risers Under Vortex Induced Vibration
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Khan, RA, & Ahmad, S. "Fatigue Reliability Evaluation of Marine Risers Under Vortex Induced Vibration." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 2A: Structures, Safety and Reliability. Nantes, France. June 9–14, 2013. V02AT02A039. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2013-10499
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