This paper presents initial results from the following-up study of the ‘inverse’ or ‘green water concept’ for wave energy conversion. Initially presented in 2009, the ‘inverse concept’ was developed by MARIN as a vehicle for open discussion and exchange of ideas in the field of wave energy conversion. Pilot model tests presented in 2010 showed the great potential of the concept, but also revealed the challenges associated with Power Take Off design.
The present study aims to further optimize the inverse concept. A new PTO system has been incorporated, based on robustness and effective use of the structure’s (de)optimized hull. The resulting renewed concept combines maximized vessel motions with OWC-type of wave energy conversion.
This paper focuses on the motion response of the renewed concept. Frequency domain calculations show the response of the concept with water columns (moonpools) at the bow and stern. Remarkably, the already maximized motions of the hull become even more extreme when moonpools are incorporated. Special attention is given to the relative motions of the water inside the moonpools, as these give an indication of the wave energy conversion potential of the concept. The relative water motions inside the moonpools show a large response that is characterized by multiple peaks. This indicates the concept’s ability to convert energy in a wide range of sea states.
Results from additional diffraction analysis show that through proper tuning, the water columns inside the moonpools can be modeled as solid water-bodies. This allows for a future numerical modeling of the hydrodynamic interaction between structure, water columns, entrapped air and PTO damping in the time domain.