Soil-plugging inside open-ended piles is a well-known phenomenon which increases vertical bearing capacity on the one hand but also leads to increasing driving resistance. There are many different factors affecting the tendency of soil-plug formation like pile diameter, geometry of the pile, installation method, soil density and so on. With the basis of experimental data numerical models to simulate the pile installation process to better understand the mechanisms of soil plugging inside open-ended piles are validated. The validated numerical models are used to examine different aspects regarding the phenomenon of soil plug formation. First, the evolution of internal and external shaft friction is investigated in more detail with focus on pile diameter. Furthermore, the impact of internal reinforcements like internal rings are investigated numerically. The shape of the internal ring is varied throughout this study to evaluate the influence of this key factor on internal stress development.

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