Shallow foundation structures offer ecological benefits compared to pile foundations as less noise is emitted at sea floor level during construction process. On the other hand, shallow offshore foundations can rarely be placed on top of the sea floor. Weak soils usually need to be excavated to place the foundation structure on more stable ground and thus, anthropogenic submarine pits result. Steep but stable slopes of the pit meet both economic and ecologic aims as they minimise material movement and sediment disturbance. According to Terzaghi  the angle β between slope and the horizontal of the ground surface of cohesionless soil is at most equal to the critical state friction angle φc. However, it can be observed that natural submarine slopes of sandy soils are always much more shallow. Artificial (temporary) slopes do not appear and behave as natural submarine slopes, since the latter are already shaped by perpetual loads of waves, tide and mass movements. Physical simulations of different scales were presented at the OMAE 2011  to analyse the stability of artificial submarine slopes of sandy soil in the North Sea. The laboratory tests focused on gravitational forces and impacts from the excavation processes. This paper presents additional numerical simulations of wave-induced bottom pressure on the suggested submarine foundation pits. Furthermore, in-situ tests will be performed in 2012 and 2013. Both dredging process and resulted foundation pits will be considerably surveyed.
- Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
Stability of Submarine Foundation Pits Under Wave Loads
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Bubel, J, & Grabe, J. "Stability of Submarine Foundation Pits Under Wave Loads." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 31st International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 4: Offshore Geotechnics; Ronald W. Yeung Honoring Symposium on Offshore and Ship Hydrodynamics. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. July 1–6, 2012. pp. 11-19. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2012-83027
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