A Pipe-In-Pipe (PIP) riser system is widely used in the offshore industry. A typical top tensioned riser system consists of an outer casing, inner casing and tubing. A PIP thermal insulation technology is often used to satisfy stringent insulation requirements and to maintain an acceptable global performance for pipe-in-pipe steel catenary risers. This paper investigates dynamic analysis for a PIP riser system.
This paper first presents a theoretical formulation for a PIP riser system coupled with fluids in the annuli and centralizers between pipes. Hydrodynamic forces associated with the viscous fluid in between concentric cylinders are considered. An effective dynamic stiffness matrix method is then developed to evaluate the added mass and damping influence of the fluid on the natural frequencies and the dynamic response of the coupled riser system.
The composite model approach is commonly used for modeling concentric PIP riser systems. In reality, however, the riser pipes may contact with the outer pipe at the connectors and centralizers under dynamic loading. This paper then discusses a detailed PIP finite element model to capture the coupling effects of centralizers with gaps.
Examples are used to illustrate the dynamic behavior of a PIP riser system. The first example shows the frequency response of a PIP riser coupled through the fluid in the annulus and centralizers distributed longitudinally. The second one represents a PIP riser system coupled through centralizers with gaps. The analysis was performed by using the FEA program ABAQUS.