Campos Basin is a petroleum rich area located offshore of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The most energetic ocean waves that reach location are generated by extra-tropical weather systems. This article studies extreme waves generated by cyclones and anticyclones, using two approaches. The first is the statistical extreme analysis applying the Peaks Over Threshold technique. The second is an evaluation of metocean features of events selected by POT as the tail of distribution. The research used 42 months of directional wave buoy measurements from 1991 to 1995 and 20 years of WAVEWATCH III simulation from 1986 to 2005, forced by NCEP/NCAR reanalysis2 surface winds. From metocean evaluation, the authors conclude that the greatest swells hitting Campos Basin come from southwest direction, peak periods over 11 seconds, generated by cyclones, occurring mainly in winter and autumn. The extreme buoy data analysis of significant wave height resulted in return values for 50 and 100 year respectively 8.77 and 9.54 meters, but with considerable uncertainty due to the short duration of data collection. Despite the limitations of Wavewatch hindcast, the methodology was able to capture the characteristics of extreme events in terms of shape of the distribution tail.
Extreme Wave Analysis in Campos Basin (Rio de Janeiro - Brazil) Associated With Extra-Tropical Cyclones and Anticyclones
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Campos, RM, Parente, CE, & de Camargo, R. "Extreme Wave Analysis in Campos Basin (Rio de Janeiro - Brazil) Associated With Extra-Tropical Cyclones and Anticyclones." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 31st International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 2: Structures, Safety and Reliability. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. July 1–6, 2012. pp. 71-80. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2012-83117
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