DNV is currently running a Joint Industry Project, “NorMoor JIP”, on calibration of safety factors for mooring lines together with several oil companies, engineering companies, rig-owners, manufacturers of mooring line components and Norwegian authorities.
Our motivation for initiating a study on mooring line safety factors started out with questions raised with regards to the safety level given by the Norwegian regulations. However, this is equally important for other mooring regulations like ISO, API and class-regulations. What we see is that the mooring standards are interpreted and applied in different ways. The reliability level implied by the regulations is not known, and the present safety factors were set when frequency domain analysis was prevalent while time domain analysis is often applied today.
DNV carried out the DeepMoor JIP  during 1995–2000 using frequency domain analysis and reliability-based calibration. Now, a decade later, the increase in computing capacity makes it feasible to carry out a similar calibration for time-domain analysis of the mooring systems.
The objective of the project work is to investigate and compare the characteristic line tension calculated according to design standards with the annual extreme value distribution of the line tension. Further, to calibrate safety factors for mooring line design for the ultimate limit state (ULS) as a function of the target probability of failure.
The original proposal for this JIP included calculations for chain and wire rope moorings on a typical drill rig and a turret moored FPSO at three different water depths at Haltenbanken. However, since this JIP has been very well received in the industry, the scope has been extended to include calculations for a production semisubmersible, for fibre rope systems and for Gulf of Mexico environmental conditions.
This paper will focus on the reasons for doing this calibration study, and the importance of seeking to agree on unified calculation recipes and requirements. Preliminary results for characteristic tension and annual extreme value distributions of tension for some designs are presented and discussed. The calibration of safety factors will be carried out later in the project when all designs are finalized.