Deterministic waves with uniquely specified parameters remains widely used in the analysis of offshore platforms, even though the random nature of the sea-state is one of the main uncertainties in loading. The response of dynamically sensitive and highly redundant structures is significantly changed when random wave loading is considered. Therefore, to more confidently simulate wave loads, all of the randomness of water surface should be taken into account.
Load history also plays an important role in the nonlinear dynamic response of structures. Accordingly, an appropriate way to consider these effects is dynamic analysis of offshore platforms using random time-domain generation of the sea surface over a long period of time. However, in general, this method is very complex and time consuming. Constrained NewWave theory is an alternative method that can effectively simulate many hours of random time domain simulation for wave loading but in a more computationally efficient manner. It takes a NewWave — a deterministic wave of predetermined height that accounts for the spectral composition of the sea — and constrains it within a random background.
In this paper, both the singular NewWave and multiple constrained NewWaves are employed to simulate random sea-states in order to investigate the nonlinear dynamic response and collapse mechanisms of a jack-up platform subjected to extreme waves. Different assumptions of the behavior of the jack-up spudcan-soil interaction are considered.