Linear approaches have been traditionally employed to simulate the dynamic behavior of floating vessels and its interaction with regular or irregular waves. Some difficulties arise when large waves and vessel motions occur. Under these circumstances, the linear assumptions to compute the restoring and wave forces, which are computed on the mean position of body and water surface, are not capable of accurately representing the physics of the interactions between waves and vessels.
Hydrostatic analysis of generic hull forms has already been implemented with a geometrical face representation of the hull and also internal ballast and oil tanks . With the goal of improving the modeling the non-linear computation of hydrostatic in waves (at the instantaneous free surface) is implemented, thus using a generic geometric modeling of the hull to perform hydrodynamic simulations of vessel motions in the presence of waves. Additionally, for the computation of the instantaneous non-linear Froude-Krylov force (6 DOF time-domain model) the contribution of each geometrical face to the global Froude-Krylov force is calculated at the exact relative position of the vessel and the incident waves. After computing the relative position of each face, possibly being cut at the free surface, the pressure at the wetted face centers determines the contribution to the integral calculation.
The paper presents the main aspects of the proposed methodology and highlights its capabilities and differences with respect to the linear approach. Complementarily, comparisons with model experiments are discussed.