A double Birkhoff wake oscillator for the modeling of vortex-induced vibration is presented in which the oscillating variables are assumed to be associated with the boundary layer/near wake and the far wake. The fluid forces are assumed to consist of a potential added mass force and a force due to vortex shedding. In the limit of vanishing incoming flow velocity, the model equations reduce to a form similar to the Morison equation. The results of the double wake oscillator have been compared with forced vibration measurements and free vibration measurements over a range of mass and damping ratios. The model is capable of describing the most important trends in both the forced and free vibration experiments. Specifically, the double wake oscillator is able to model both the upper and lower branch of free vibration.

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