The study of floating offshore wind turbines has recently been attractive to many research groups in the renewable energy. Because the area of shallow water along Japanese coast is limited, the development of floating base for wind turbine is inevitable for making large scale wind farms. There are some problems to be solved for floating offshore wind turbines. Besides the mechanical problems of turbines, the influence of the motion of the floater in wind and waves to the electric generation properties, the safeties of floating structures such as the fatigue of machines and structures or criteria of electric facilities should be studied. Several types of floating structures have been proposed such as SPAR, TLP, pontoon, and semi submersibles. The authors have focused on SPAR type because its simpler shape seems to have economical advantages. In this paper, the authors performed experiments in a wind tunnel and a water basin from the viewpoint of “wind turbines on a SPAR type floating structure”. Firstly, forced pitching experiments were operated in a wind tunnel, and the difference in two types of wind turbines, upwind type and downwind type, is discussed. The former type is very popular and the latter type is thought to be suitable for floating structure. Secondly, experiments which thought to be more relevant for a floating wind turbine were carried out in a water basin. The relationship between the location of the attachment point of mooring lines and the motion of the SPAR in waves, and the influence of pitching angle of turbine blades to the motion of the SPAR in waves were inspected. In these experiments it was used a mechanism to control the pitch angle of the blades of the scale model of wind turbine.

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