Offshore structures such as the TLP or the GBS have natural frequencies which are much higher than the frequencies of the incident waves in the survival conditions. Nevertheless, many offshore structures experience significant resonant response of modes with periods in the range of 2s to 5s, particularly in steep waves. In particular the ringing response of offshore structures characterised by sudden, large and isolated resonant response packets, has been a concern for many years. The loads which give rise to these events are difficult to describe both because they are small in magnitude relative to the load level close to the wave spectral peak and also because they are nonlinear in nature. In the present paper, available theoretical methods for high frequency loading is employed for irregular waves and compared with model tests. The methods which are used in the present are first and second order diffraction methods as well as a third order loading model for slender cylinders applied to irregular waves with continuous wave spectra. The results are compared with measurements of tether response and overturning moments on a TLP and a GBS respectively. Provided that the incident waves are treated carefully and care is taken in treating the high frequency tail of the incident wave, it is found that methods which are presently available give a good representation of the resonant response for the GBS structure. The GBS structure has a relatively low natural frequency and a mode shape which is excited easily by horizontal loading in the surface zone. In contrast, weakly nonlinear theory does not capture the high frequency loading on a TLP which has resonant frequencies at more than five times the spectral peak in the survival seastates. For this case it is found that wave impact with both the columns and the deck gives significant contributions to the resonant tether response. This is the case even if no significant horizontal deck impact is observed and highlights the need for a reliable deck impact load model.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.